USFSA Policy Statement on Harassment and Abuse

Editor's note

In response to a highly publicized grievance filed in 1999, the United States Figure Skating Association approved new regulations concerning abuse and harassment at its 2000 Governing Council meeting. This is a vertabim copy of the document which is also available in PDF format from the USFSA web site.

Additional commentary follows the text of the statement.

Text of the statement

-- USFSA text begins here

The United States Figure Skating Association (USFSA) strives to provide a safe environment for its members and to protect the opportunity of its members to participate in our sport in an atmosphere that is free of harassment and abusive practices. The Association will not tolerate or condone any form of harassment or abuse of any of its members including coaches, officials, directors, employees, parents, athletes, and volunteers -- or any other persons -- while they are participating in or preparing for a figure skating activity or event conducted under the auspices of the USFSA.


  1. Harassment

    Harassment is defined in various sources such as case law, state legislation, sports organization and professional association codes of conduct and training manuals, corporation and workplace documents, and human rights commission materials. The USFSA has not adopted any specific definition of harassment, choosing instead to defer to such general sources and definitions for reference and application, depending upon the circumstances. The following, however, presents a general overview.

    Behavior: Any improper or inappropriate comment, action, or gesture directed toward a person or group that is related to race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, disability, or other personal characteristics.

    Environment: Creation of an environment through behavior or course of conduct that is insulting, intimidating, humiliating, demeaning, or offensive.

Harassment usually occurs when one person engages in abusive behavior or asserts unwarranted power or authority over another, whether intended or not. It includes, for example, name-calling, taunts, threats, belittling, unwelcome advances and requests for sexual favors, as well as undue pressure to perform or succeed. Harassment includes child abuse.

  • Child Abuse

    A legal definition of child abuse exists in each state, which the USFSA will adopt for purposes of enforcing this policy. A child is someone under the age of 18 or who has not attained the age of legal majority in the state in which he or she resides.

    It can include physical contact -- or the threat of it -- that intentionally causes bodily harm or injury to a child. This includes, for example, hitting, shaking, kicking, shoving a skater into the barrier, etc., as well as forcing an individual to skate when he or she is injured, or mandating excessive exercise as a form of punishment.

    It can include touching for the purpose of causing sexual arousal or gratification that involves a child, or forcing a child to pose for or watch pornographic materials. This includes, for example, rape, incest, fondling, exhibitionism, and sexual exploitation.

    It can include chronic attacks on a child's self-esteem. This includes, for example, such psychologically destructive behavior as ridiculing, screaming at or swearing at, racism, threatening, stalking, hazing, and isolating.

    It can include chronic inattention to a child's basic needs by someone responsible for the child's welfare. This includes, for example, improper supervision, not providing adequate food or rest, inadequate medical or dental care, and unsafe equipment or facilities.

    Procedures for Reporting Child Abuse

    1. Contact a Local Child Protection Agency

      Mandated Reporters: A key legal protection for children and youth across the United States is the requirement that, following special training in the identification and reporting of child abuse, people involved in certain occupations must report suspected child abuse to a local law enforcement agency or local public child welfare agency or both, depending on state law. These mandatory reporter occupations include health practitioners, teachers, social workers, psychologists, clergy, firefighters, police officers, day camp administrators and youth organization and youth recreation program employees and coaches, among others, as prescribed by state law.

      Therefore, if mandated reporters observe abuse or suspect abuse of a young skater, they are required by law to report it immediately. Mandated reports may be USFSA team physicians, sport psychologists, or certain rink employees. They are not required to disclose the fact that they made such a report to the parent or guardian, nor are they supposed to investigate the situation. They will obtain only enough information to report a "reasonable suspicion". The reporters' identity is confidential and will only be disclosed between cross-reporting child protection agencies.

      Other Observers: If any form of child abuse is observed or suspected by a non-mandated reporter, that person should immediately telephone either a local law enforcement or a public child welfare agency and make a report. (If more than one child protection agency exists, many states require that they cross-report.) Some communities provide a child abuse hotline for this purpose.

      Even if observers are unsure as to whether or not an action, incident, or situation meets their state's legal definition of child abuse, they should report it. Child safety must be the most important consideration. To encourage this, the reporter's identity is always kept confidential.

      The local child protection agency is then responsible for assessing the matter and conducting any investigation. That agency is also responsible for informing the reporter as to what determination it made and what actions it took as a result of its evaluation.

      Observers should not attempt to handle the situation themselves or investigate the circumstances. Instead, they must report the matter to their local child protection agency.

    Procedures for Reporting Harassment

    Harassment, as defined herein, between or among USFSA members, shall be reported to the Chair of the Ethics or Grievance Committee as soon as is practicably possible, per ECR 2.00 and GCR 2.00.

    Depending on the nature and/or severity of the harassment, the reporter may also choose to contact a local law enforcement agency or seek assistance from a local or state human rights commission.

    Violations of Harassment and Abuse Policy

    Any person in violation of this policy statement will be subject to disciplinary action in accordance with Article XXVII, Section 3 of the USFSA Bylaws.

    Any person convicted of child abuse in a court of law shall be permanently banned from membership in the USFSA and from participation in USFSA programs and activities, in accordance with the association's Code of Ethics.

    Retaliations or Threats of Reprisal

    Retaliation or threats of reprisal against an individual for filing a complaint under this policy or for participating or assisting in any procedure under this policy will be considered harassment for the purpose of this policy.

    Condonation or Groundless Allegations

    If a person in authority knows or should reasonably have known that harassment or abuse may have occurred and fails to report it or take appropriate action as set out in this policy statement, that person may be subject to disciplinary action per Article XXVII, Section 3, of the USFSA Bylaws.

    Further, any person who makes groundless allegations or complaints of abuse or harassment may be subject to disciplinary action per Article XXVII, Section 3, of the USFSA Bylaws.

    -- end of USFSA policy document


    It's a fine thing that the USFSA has finally come up with a definite statement that abuse and harassment are not tolerated in figure skating, and that all USFSA members have a responsibility to report problem behavior. Developing and approving this policy is a giant step forward for the association.

    One possible problem with the policy, though, is in the details of how incidents of harassment or abuse are reported to the USFSA. The "disciplinary action" mentioned in the policy statement is not an ordinary grievance filed by one member against another; it is essentially a grievance filed by the USFSA against a member, which is treated under a separate section of the rules. The only path for initiating a disciplinary action that is currently described in the USFSA rulebook is for the USFSA President or a sectional Vice President to refer the matter to the Chair of the Ethics Committee for review.

    In the case of the complaint from Craig Maurizi in 1999, though, none of these responsible people were willing to initiate a disciplinary proceeding. There seems to be nothing in the rulebook to require them to initiate a disciplinary action when presented with evidence of misconduct. At the time of the Maurizi grievance there was also considerable confusion about the proper form for making such a complaint and whether it was the responsibility of the grievant or the Ethics Committee to investigate and produce supporting statements and other evidence. Eventually Maurizi was told to file his complaint in the form of an ordinary grievance, and it was processed as an ordinary grievance, not as a "disciplinary action".

    So, it's premature for the USFSA to pat themselves on the back over having developed this policy. What they still need to do is to develop a mechanism to ensure that when cases of abuse or harassment are reported, that they are treated seriously and not just swept under the rug or caught up in red tape.

    More information

    More information and resources concerning abuse issues in skating can be found at the Silent Edge web site.

    It may be instructive to compare the USFSA policy with the CFSA/Skate Canada Harassment Policy (available from Silent Edge), which goes into considerably more detail about the process for reporting and resolving harassment cases.

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